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Examples for the Lenghts |  Horizontal Linespacing |  Vertical linespacing | 


You can download this example file:

The

  • itemize-environment
  • enumerate-environment
  • description-environment
are all part of the list-environment of latex.

1.1 Vertical Linespacing

Linespacing in standard list environments may sometimes too big. There are several variables which controll this spacing:

  • \topsep additional space before first and behind last item
  • \partopsepsame as \topsep when an empty line is before the first and behind last item
  • \parskipvertical space between paragraphs
  • \parsepadditional space between paragraphs for the same item
  • \itemsepadditional space between different items
For the foiltex-class you can also use \zerolistvertdimens{...}. For the dots use any valid length with unit.

1.2 Horizontal Linespacing

  • \labelwidth as the name says ...
  • \labelsep additional space between label and text
  • \itemindent indenting of the first line for one item
  • \listparindent same, but only for new paragraphs for the same item
  • \leftmargin same as in standard text environment

1.3 Examples

At first we set all variables to the value 0:

\setlength{\topsep}{0pt}
\setlength{\partopsep}{0pt}
\setlength{\parskip}{0pt}
\setlength{\parsep}{0pt}
\setlength{\itemsep}{0pt}
\setlength{\labelwidth}{0pt}
\setlength{\labelsep}{0pt}
\setlength{\itemindent}{0pt}
\setlength{\listparindent}{0pt}
\setlength{\leftmargin}{0pt}
  1. You can't put the TEX-commands before the environment, they will be overwritten whith the
    \begin{list-environment}-command.
    On the other hand you can't controll honrizontal spacing of the first label in the first item, when you put the TEX-commands behind the first item, which is shown in this example for item 1. and 2.
  2. Therefore you have to write your own environment with
    \begin{list-environment}
    - all TEX-commands -
    \item my first bla bla textline
    \item my first bla bla textline
    \end{list-environment}
    This is possible in an existing list-environment in fact of the possibility of nesting lists.
    • The first line with a
      \setlength{\labelwidth}{2cm}
      \setlength{\labelsep}{0.1\textwidth}
      direct behind the \begin{itemize}-command, means before the first \item-command
    • A second line with a
      \setlength{\labelsep}{0}\setlength{\itemsep}{-0.5ex}
    • A last line with a \setlength{\labelsep}{1em} at the end of the following \item-command.
    • You have to remember that latex stores the values of the higher list-environment, therefore all commands in this nested itemize-list are not valid outside this list.
  3. The last lines of the inner list are
    \end{itemize}
    \setlength{\parskip}{1cm}
    \setlength{\labelsep}{1em}
    You have to remember that latex stores the values of the higher list-environment, therefore all commands in this nested itemize-list are not valid outside this list and vice-versa.
  4. The last line ...

local time: Sat Aug 24 02:41:09 CEST 2019 ; file is: 56.5175115740741 days old
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